A Gallup poll released a year ago, on May 18, 2017 shows that perceptions regarding Yugoslavia’s breakup vary by former republic, by ethnicity, and by age.
Perhaps as could be expected, the citizens of Serbia, politically dominant in the former Yugoslavia, rue Yugoslavia’s demise the most, at 81%, and Croatia’s and Kosovo’s the least, at 23% and 10%, respectively.
Similarly, Serbs, regardless of their current country of residence, feel Yugoslavia’s breakup was harmful to their country.
And finally, also as can be expected, older people, of near-retirement and retirement age, feel the most harmed by the country’s breakup.
In their interpretation of poll results, authors write
“Many residents of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia feel its breakup 25 years ago harmed their country. These residents may be mourning the loss of the benefits that socialism provided or be frustrated with the current high unemployment rate, the loss of income, or the lost illusion of peaceful coexistence among different groups. Given the differences in opinions by age, it seems many residents who can remember Yugoslavia view the past in a more favorable light compared with the present political and economic realities. Yugo-nostalgia may fade, but ethnic minorities may continue to see the past in a positive light as a time of multi-ethnic tolerance.”